Treatment Options For Seasonal Allergy Pediatric Patients

Seasonal allergies in the pediatric population can cause sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, and a scratchy throat. Further, if your child has seasonal allergies, they may develop watery eyes, itchy eyes, and dark or purple circles under their eyes. These dark circles as known as "allergy shiners," because they resemble black eyes. If your child develops any of these symptoms, make an appointment with the pediatrician, who may recommend the following treatment options.

Keep Doors And Windows Closed 

While some people believe that allowing fresh air to come into the home by keeping the doors and windows open when ragweed, mold, and pollen levels are high, doing so can actually worsen your child's symptoms. Because of this, keep your windows and doors closed. If you have leaky windows that are not properly sealed, pull your shades down or close your blinds or drapes.

In addition to keeping outdoor air out of your home, use an air purifier to further clear the environment from airborne particulates such as mold spores. If you notice that your child's allergy symptoms are not improving despite the aforementioned interventions, look to your dog for answers. When you let your dog outside, they may bring the allergens in from the outdoors on their paws or fur. Consequently, when your child plays with the dog, they may become symptomatic again.

Antihistamines And Saline Sprays

Your child's pediatrician may also recommend over-the-counter antihistamines to reduce their symptoms. The pediatrician may also tell you that antihistamines can cause drowsiness and dry mouth. If your child becomes drowsy after taking their antihistamine medication, have them limit their activities so they can rest. If they develop a dry mouth from the medications, remind them to drink plenty of water and avoid caffeinated drinks which can further promote oral dryness.

Saline nasal sprays are frequently recommended by pediatricians for childhood seasonal allergies. The saline spray helps rinse away allergens from inside the nasal passages and it can also help reduce inflammation inside the nose so that the child can breathe better. Saline nasal sprays are available without a prescription and they typically do not cause any side effects. 

If your child experiences signs and symptoms of seasonal allergies, consider the above interventions and make an appointment with the pediatrician. If the children's doctor determines that your child requires further evaluation and treatment, the pediatrician may refer the patient to a pediatric allergist for additional tests such as allergy sensitivity testing. 

Speak to a pediatrician to learn more.